Pentominoes

Pentominoes
Pentominoes are a tiling puzzle used in recreational mathematics. Each of the twelve (12) pieces are made with 5 equal squares that are meant to resemble the Latin alphabet. These pieces can be put together in thousands of ways in order to fill in a variety of areas in puzzle-like ways such as: 3x3, 4x4, 5x3, 3x20, etc..
Real-World Benefits
How these Pentominoes fit into the real world is not very puzzling at all! 
They can be used to calculate: Volume, surface area, and perimeter.
Use them to practice: Symmetry and tessellations.
They build: Spacial awareness, problem-solving skills, deductive reasoning, and creative thinking skills. They also offer an introduction to elementary number theory. 
Learning Resources
Below, you will find links for information about pentominoes, activities that can be done with them, puzzles that can be played online, puzzle pieces that can be made and printed, and instructions for making your own set.
What are Pentominoes?
Wikipedia: Pentomino - Offers an explanation of what pentominoes are, how they originated, and how they are used.

Andrews.edu: Pentominoes Talks about the origins of the puzzle, benefits, and offers game ideas.

Universal Class: What are Pentominoes? - Explains what pentominoes are, their benefits in the world of geometry, how to use them, and games that can be played with them.


Activity Ideas

Math is Fun: Pentominoes - Shows the shapes used more clearly and offers a challenge as well.

Puzzler.Sourceforge: Pentominoes - Puzzle suggestions to try.

Print or Make Your Own Set

Worksheet Works.com - Pentominoes - Generate your own drawing pentomino puzzles to print out.

CutOutFoldup: Pentomino - Print out the pieces needed and follow the directions on how to use them.

Parents.com - 10 Stem Crafts for Kids - Scroll down for information on how to make your own set with wooden blocks.

Scholastic: Pentominoes - Colorful, printable pieces in a PDF format.


Play Online

Scholastic - Pentominoes GamePlay on line.

Transum.org: Pentominoes - Play a few puzzles on line.


Videos

YouTube: Pentominoes Playlist - Videos talk about the pieces and show how they are used. Here's one of the informative videos in the list...



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Tell A Story

There are a lot of different ways to tell a story! Here are some of the fun ways I encourage my kids to get creative when telling a story:
The following links will take you to another page on this blog.

Spark of the Day: Create A Spooky Sound Sentence or Story - Use sound words to create a one of a kind story.

Two-Sided Diorama - Turn a short story or rhyme into a two-sided diorama. One side the show how things start and the other to show how it ends.

Create A Comic - Comics use pictures and words to tell a story.

Pictographs -  Before we had a formal alphabet, people kept track of their history, stories and important records via pictures. It is still a fun way to tell a story.

A Picture Is Worth A Thousand Words -  This activity is meant to inspire a story. 

Ed Emberley - Ed Emberley uses an unique story telling style that encourages the use of simple shapes. Get inspired by his style.


Make A Folded Hand Puppet - Any type of puppet makes a great channel for story telling. There are simple instructions for various types of puppets offered in this post.

Shadow Puppets - Shadow puppets have long been used to tell stories. Make a few of your own and tell your own stories with the instructions in this post.


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I Love Lucy

Wikipedia: I Love Lucy - Information about the the show, the cast, background and development, episodes and more.

Mental Floss: 20 Fun Facts About I Love Lucy - Find out some funny and interesting fact about one of the post popular shows on TV in the 50's.

CBS: Superstar Special: I Love Lucy - If you sign up with CBS, you will gain access to full episodes of I Love Lucy.

YouTube: I Love Lucy Playlist - Watch some old reruns, a documentary, an interview with Lucille Ball, and take a tour of  the Lucy and Desi Museum.
Here's one of the videos from the list...




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Arthur Miller

Wikipedia: Arthur Miller - Biographical information, legacy, Miller's styles, and more.

Biography: Arthur Miller - Biographical information about Miller's early life, marriage to Marilyn Monroe, and his works.

National Endowment for the Humanities: Author Miller Biography - Offers a short article about Miller's life.

PBS: Arthur Miller Biography - Offers a short bit of info about Miller's life and accomplishments.

YouTube: Arthur Miller Playlist - Interviews, movies, biographical information, plays and more.
Here's one of the videos in the list.




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Note: If this, or any other post on Funschooling and Recreational Learning, has inspired you in a positive way, or you have featured it in a blog post, please comment and link back to where it can be found! Thank you!

US Navy

USS Boston (CA-69)
Wikipedia: History of the United States Navy - Foundations of the "Old Navy", "New Navy", and Modern Era.

America's Navy: A Powerful Presence Through The Years - Offers a historical timeline of America's Navy and Navy Reserve. Learn about careers and jobs too.

Naval history and Heritage Command - Trivia, Explore events, Today in History, Ship histories, Art, and more.

History Central.com: Navy History - US Naval Ship History in alphabetical order. Major ship types, war information, and much more.

USNA: United States Naval Academy - History of USNA.

YouTube: US Navy - History of the US Navy, Destroyers of WW II, and The History of Navy Seals. Here's one of the videos in the list...




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Chess


Chess.com: Play a free game of Chess on line, keep up with what's going on in the world of Chess, and get some valuable tips and lessons. The blog offers the history of Chess and how various cultures/countries played.

Wikipedia: Chess - Information about the game, rules, set up, how to record moves, strategy and tactics, phases, history and more. Also, History of Chess - History of the game, Milestones of the game, origins, rule changes, theory and evidence from archaeology.

Cool Math: Chess - Play a game online with a friend, someone else, or play the computer.

YouTube: Chess Playlist -  Find out the origins of Chess, the benefits of playing, and find out various ways the game has been and can be played. Here's one of the videos in the list...



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Apollo 7

Wikipedia: Apollo 7 - Information includes: Crew, background, mission highlights, insignia and more.

Smithsonian National Air  & Space Museum - Apollo 7 (AS-205) - Info includes: First manned test flight of the CSM and Summary of Events. Facts, Crew, Images.

NASA: Apollo 7 - Mission Objective and Mission Highlights. Photo of Launch.

Funschooling & Recreational Learning: Phases of the Moon - Moon Resources Include: Moon cycles, names, tides, videos and more.

YouTube: Apollo 7 Playlist - Footage and information about the first manned mission. Plus, videos that show you how to make a variety of rockets.


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SOS International Code


Mental Floss: SOS - What Does SOS Stand For? - Background info about the SOS code and how it became an international code.

BoatSaftey: SOS - What is the Meaning of SOS? - A marine perspective of what the SOS code means. 

Wikipedia: SOS - Information about the international Morse Code distress signal. Offers an example.

The following video offers a 1 minute demonstration of a SOS Morse Code sound effect.



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Niels Bohrs

Niels Bohr 
Wikipedia has the following information: 

Niels Bohr
- Biographical information, Bohr model, philosophy and more.


Bohr Model -  Origin, Electron energy levels, Tydberg formula and more.

Atomic Theory - An example from the page: A scientific theory of the nature of matter, which states that matter is composed of discrete units called atoms.

Old Quantum Theory -  Basic principles, examples, De Broglie waves and more.

Quantum Mechanics - History, mathematical formulations, and more.

Periodic Table - Offer a large chart and information.

Biography.come: Niels Bohr: Scientist, Physicist - Short article includes - Biographical information about his early life, Nobel Prize winner info, and more. 

Nobel Prize.org: Niels Bohr - Article offers a time-line of his life and accomplishments in written format.

Famous Scientists: Niels Bohr - Biographical information, facts, and pictures about Bohr's life and accomplishments. This article is longer then some of the other links listed.

Wired: The Development of the Atomic Model - Article about the development of the atomic model and how it changed. A video is available at the end of the article.

The Physics Hypertextbook: Atomic Models - Article is in an outline form and discusses atomic models of: Rutherford, Bohr, Schrodingder, Pauli, and Dirac and includes mathematical formulas.

APS Physics: Color Me Physics - Free downloadable and printable activity book featuring Abigail Atom - brought to you by the American Physical Society's Public Outreach Group.

ORAU: Center For Science Education: Build An Atom - Learn about protons, electrons, neutrons, and how to build an atom.

Phet: University of Colorado Boulder - Interactive Simulation: Build An Atom Click on the arrow, download or embed it to use the program to build your own atom and find out what you built or play a game.

Funschooling & Recreational Learning: Scented Play Clay - Leave out the scent or keep it in to build toothpick atom models.

YouTube: Niels Bohrs Playlist - Biographical information about Niels Bohrs, and info about the atom and quantum physics.


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Note: If this, or any other post on Funschooling and Recreational Learning, has inspired you in a positive way, or you have featured it in a blog post, please comment and link back to where it can be found! Thank you!

Irish & Celtic Folktales: Fairies

Timeless Myths: Faeries - Background info: Origins of Faeries and types. Fairy People: A list of faeries and a description.

LetterPile: Forgotten Fairies of Irish Folklore & A Guide To Irish Folk Tales - Articles.

Wikipedia: Fairy - Historical development, origin, Tuatha Dé Danann and more. Also, Classification of Fairies.

Ireland's Eye: Hidden Ireland: A guide to Irish Fairies - Introduction - Look to the left of the screen for more information about Irish Fairies. This site offers short bits of info.

Project Gutenberg: Free, downloadable versions of the following books:


Irish

Fairy and Folk Tales of the Irish Peasantry by W. B. Yeats

The Irish Fairy Book by Alfred Perceval Graves and George Denham

Irish Fairy Tales by Edmund Leamy

Irish Fairy Tales by James Stephens


Celtic

Celtic Fairy Tales by Joseph Jacobs

The Fairy-Faith in Celtic Countries by W. Y. Evans-Wentz

Celtic Folk and Fairy Tales by Joseph Jacobs and John Dickson Batten

More Celtic Fairy Tales by Joseph Jacobs and John Dickson Batten

Celtic Tales, Told to the Children by Louey Chisholm


Literature Network: Yeats: The Celtic Twilight - Free to read online.

LibriVox: Free audio versions.

The Celtic Twilight - Free to Download or listen on line.

Tales of Folk and Fairies by Katharine Pyle -  Listen to 15 Different children's stories from around the world.

YouTube: Watch the Irish & Celtic Fairies Playlist. Listen to The Celtic Twilight by Yeats as well. Here's one of the videos in the list.




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Note: If this, or any other post on Funschooling and Recreational Learning, has inspired you in a positive way, or you have featured it in a blog post, please comment and link back to where it can be found! Thank you!

Robert Hutchings Goddard

NASA: Dr. Robert H. Goddard, American Rocketry Pioneer - Article offers a timeline of Goddard's accomplishments.
Photo: Robert H. Goddard and His Rockets

Smithsonian Institution Archives: Robert H. Goddard: American Rocket Pioneer - Offers a little biographical information, info about his relationship with the Smithsonian, and links to: proposals, patent info, grants received and more.

Space.com: Robert Goddard: American Father of Rocketry - Biographical information and info about his accomplishments.

Wikipedia: Robert H. Goddard- Biographical information starting from his childhood till his death. Also, more detailed information about his accomplishments.

YouTube:  Robert Hutchings Goddard Playlist - Info about Goddard and his rockets, plus info about gyroscopes and how to make a simple one. 
Check out one of the videos within the list...


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Note: If this, or any other post on Funschooling and Recreational Learning, has inspired you in a positive way, or you have featured it in a blog post, please comment and link back to where it can be found! Thank you!

Ford's Model 'T'

1909 Touring
EyeWitness To History.com: Henry Ford Changes the World, 1908 - Article about the making of the Model 'T'.

Wikipedia: Ford Model T - Information about the car, production and more. Includes a gallery.

History: This Day in History: 1908 Ford Motor Company Unveils the Model T and Model T - Each article offers a little bit of info about the Model T. Each offer some related videos as well.

Super Coloring: Model T Coloring Page - Printable and free.

YouTube: Ford Model T Playlist - Information about the Model T and about Henry Ford. Here's one of the great videos you can find in the list!




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Note: If this, or any other post on Funschooling and Recreational Learning, has inspired you in a positive way, or you have featured it in a blog post, please comment and link back to where it can be found! Thank you!