Apple Research Project

Did you know...
  • Apples are part of the rose family!
  • There are over 7,500 varieties of apples.
  • Apples have a long history, dating back to 328 BCE! 
  • Dwarfed apples were found growing wild in the Tien Shan mountains of eastern Kazakhstan, located in Central Asia, by Alexander the Great.
  • Apples are a very versatile food because they can be eaten raw, cooked, and made into beverages; plus they offer many health benefits, and are a good source of fiber and vitamin C.
  • Apples are grown in all 50 states and all over the world.

Research Questions...

Apple Experiment: Preventing Oxidation

Apple Oxidation by Fran W.
Why do apple slices turn brown?

Whenever an apple is cut, peeled, hit or dropped, cell walls are damaged. Enzymes called polyphenol oxidase (PPO), and iron-containing phenols are exposed to the oxygen in the air and oxidation occurs.

Fruits and vegetables such as apples, mango, potatoes, bananas, peaches and pears all turn brown (oxidize).

How can we stop oxidation or slow the process down?

Homemade Apple Cider

This beverage is so rich and delicious, it's like have warm apple pie in a glass!


2c Apple juice or cider
1T Brown sugar (packed) 
½T Maple syrup
¼tsp Pumpkin pie spice 
1tsp Butter 
Cinnamon stick for stirring  (optional)
Whipped cream


Colorful Leaf Rubbings

Leaf Rubbings by Fran W
To make leaf rubbings, you will need:

  • Pressed leaves
  • Crayons - peeled
  • White construction or copy paper

Place the leaves under white paper any way you want, and rub the side of the crayon over the paper so that the shape of the leaves underneath can be seen on top. Change colors as often as you want.

If you use a large piece of paper for this activity, cover it with contact paper and use it as a table mat!

Fall and Leaf activities on Funschooling and Recreational Learning

Fall Equinox                                      Fall Holidays and Events

Fall Leaves                                        
Leaf Hunting

Leaf Prints & Stencils                       Leaf Rubbings

Leaf Identification Activities 
Leaf People and Creatures

Experiment: Chromatography of Leaves 

Experiment: Chromatography of Leaves

Why Do Leaves Change Colors?

To do this experiment, you will need:

Leaves of various colors from different plants (2 of each), rubbing alcohol, hot tap water, plastic knife or spoon, clear cups or glass containers, scissor, mortar and pestle, permanent marker, masking tape, a paper coffee filter and a timer or a stop watch

Leaf Activities on Funschooling and Recreational Learning

Fall Equinox                                      Fall Holidays and Events

Fall Leaves                                        Leaf Hunting

Leaf Prints & Stencils                      Leaf People and Creatures

Leaf People and Creatures

Leave Monster by Fran W.`
Turn the leaves you collect into people, animals, objects, and fun designs.

You'll need:

A variety of leaves that have been pressed, construction paper, glue, waxed paper, and heavy books
Optional: Wiggly eyes, yarn, colored pencils, watercolor and a paint brush

Leaf Identification Activities

If you've collected a bunch of leaves on your leaf hunt, here are some fun ways to learn how to identify them:

Identify your leaves - The University of Florida has a printable Botany Handbook filled with information about leaves and plants that you may find useful. It also offers a bunch of plant illustrations here. Check your state's Extension Office website for great resources as well! 
This site may prove helpful when identifying leaves: 
eNature: Trees

Leaf Prints and Leaf Stencils

Leaf Prints and Leaf Stencils by Fran W
To make leaf prints or stencils you will need: 

A variety of paper: copy, construction, cardstock, small leaves: fresh or pressed, a paint brush, a clean sponge, food dye, water color, or non-toxic paint, bowl of water to clean brushes and leaves, and a paper towel to blot brushes and dry leaves, something to put paint in such as small caps or lids, scissor
Optional: Something to write with

How to make leaf prints...

Leaf Hunting

Pack a lunch and go on a leaf hunt!

Here are some items you may want to take along with you:

A container to put your leaves in, a camera, drawing paper and a pencil

Optional: Tree identification book, your Nature Backpack

What to look for...

Fall Leaves

Did you know…

Chlorophyll gives leaves their green color, carotenoid gives them an orange color, xanthophylls give a yellow color, anthocyanin gives a red color and tannin gives a brown color.


During the summer we see green leaves. Leaves change colors in the fall...or do they? How and why do leaves change colors in the fall? Watch this 3:11 minute video to find out.

Take a deeper look:

Collect some leaves and look at them with a magnifying glass or a microscope.

Learn more:

Fall Holidays and Events

Fall Activities that can be found on 
Funschooling & Recreational Learning



 1  Day of the Dead
 1  All Saints Day 
 2  All Souls Day
6 Election Day
Learn about Voting, Victoria Woodhull, Women's Suffrage Movement
22 Thanksgiving
Thanksgiving activities

7 Pearl Harbor Day

Fall activities on Funschooling & Recreational Learning

Leaf activities

Fall activities on other sites...

Still Learning Something New
This site has an excellent list of "special" days every month, check out the September, OctoberNovember & December Special Days Calendars

This site offers learning calendars that feature DVD suggests for September, October,  November & December

Connect with Funschooling & Recreational Learning!


Fall Leaves by Fran W.
Autumn begins in the Northern Hemisphere between September 22nd and 24th each year, and as the green leaves fade away, we are left with the beautifully colored leaves of fall. 
The weather will grow colder, signs for seasonal festivals and celebrations will pop-up around town, and before you know it, the fun fall holidays will be here!

Fall Equinox

Learn More...

PBS: Seasons
PBS offers a video about the seasons.

Wikipedia: September Equinox
Information about the September Equinox

eTheme: Equinox
This site offers a few different educational sites related to the equinox.

Fall activities on Fran's World of Discovery

Mini Research Project

Leaf Activities
Leaf experiments, information and activities.

Apple Research Project
Apple facts, leading questions, links to sites, videos, and activities.

Fall Holidays and Events
List of basic holidays and links to activities and information.

Strawberry Craze eBook

The Strawberry Craze eBook is here! Catch your copy at the introductory price today!

Strawberry Craze, written and developed by Fran Wisniewski, is a 91 page ebook filled with over 30 strawberry related activities for families and independent learners. Strawberry Craze includes science projects and experiments, activities that build math and language skills, research projects and questions, and strawberry related crafts, activities, and patterns. Plus 15 yummy kid-friendly recipes!

For a limited time, you can get your copy for only $5.00 $2.00 

Buy this on Selz Sell digital downloads on Selz

Read the reviews....

It's Unanimous For Strawberries! on Still Learning Something New

Review of Strawberry Crazy Ebook on Dot -To-Dot Connections

Here are some sample activities and recipes you will find in the book...

The Life of John Chapman and the Legend of Johnny Appleseed

"The Life of John Chapman and the Legend of Johnny Appleseed", written and developed by Fran Wisniewski, is a 61 page project-based learning resource for homeschoolers, independent learners, families who enjoy learning together, co-ops, groups, libraries, and classrooms. This uniquely developed ebook is filled with information about Johnny 'Appleseed' Chapman's life and how he became a legend in his own time through his kind acts toward people and animals, wise business sense, and his friendship with Native Americans and settlers alike. Johnny Appleseed contains over 25 activities including apple science projects and experiments, research activities, activities that build language and math skills, recipes, craft ideas, templates, puzzles, and record keeping suggestions.

To purchase this all in one learning resource for $15.00 $5.00, please contact me directly.

You will find an example of an activities here and here on Fran's World of Discovery

Read what parents have to say about Johnny Appleseed:

If you are looking for a great way to teach your children about Johnny Appleseed, this curriculum may be just what you are looking for.  I love the colorful graphics and the instructions are easy to understand and implement.  My daughter thoroughly enjoyed working through this curriculum and when she was finished, she had learned a great deal and had fun doing it.  I hope that the author of this curriculum continues to produce lessons like this one in the future because I would be willing to buy her product for my daughter.  I would recommend this curriculum to any parent looking for a fun and educational way to learn more about apples and Johnny Appleseed.

LouAnn E., Florida

I am just amazed at all of the information that this book has! We loved it!
We especially loved how easy this is to read and how it captures your attention!The pictures are wonderful too. :) Love, love, love this! There is so much to learn and I think it covers all subject areas for children!
You must write many many many MORE of these books!!!!!!!!!! :) :)

Jennifer B, FL

Here are a few sample pages from the ebook: