Magic Square Puzzles

Magic Square Puzzle
The Magic Square Blog - This blog is dedicated to informing people about Magic Square puzzles.

Math Is Fun: Magic Square Game - Play a game of Magic Square on line.

Wolfram MathWorld: Magic Square - Site explains how Magic Square Puzzles work, mathematically.

SoftSchools: Magic Square - Solve puzzles with 3x3, 4x4, & 5x5 grid puzzles.

Transum: Magic Square Puzzle - Solve a 3x3 Magic Square Puzzles and other puzzles.

Learn With Math Games: Magic Square Puzzle - Learn how to solve puzzles and print them out.

Magic Square Tutorial


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The Science of Light

This is a fountain, lit at night, in
Square of Europe, Moscow,
What is Light? - Understanding light and the eye.

Explain That Stuff: Light - History, how light works and much more.

Scholastic Activity: Rainbow Activities - Magic School Bus Activity with color.

Sciencing: Light Spectrum Explained for Kids - Article explains what light is. Light experiments can be found to the right of the main article in 'Related Content'. 

How Stuff Works: Light - Learn how light works.

Classroom: How to Use a Prism for Middle School Labs

Wikipedia: Light & Lighting - Various types of lighting.


Videos, such as the following, can be found here on the YouTube playlist created for this subject.

 


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George Washington Carver

George Washington Carver
Inventions: Inventor's Resources: George Washington Carver's Inventions - Site offers a little bit of information about Carver's inventions.

National Parks Service: George Washington Carver - Museum Exhibit

Tuskegee University: George Washington Carver - Find out about Carver's experiments and other some of the things he made with peanuts and sweet potatoes. Selected recipes can be found here.

About: Inventors: George Washington Carver - Site offers information about Carver's life and a short video.

Famous Missourians: George Washington Carver - Info about GWC.

Danielles Place: George Washington Carver
Craft, game ideas, and information.

Field Museum: George Washington Carver - Scroll down to access an Exhibition website, a downloadable pdf Carver Factsheet. You can also download an educator's guide here

Videos



Related Posts on Fran's World of Discovery





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Activities, Foods, & Resources for February


Births

Feb 7: Charles Dickens Born 1812 - Learn about the author of many well known books.

Feb 15: Susan B Anthony Born 1820
Women's Suffrage Research Resource - Susan B. Anthony is well known for her role in the suffrage movement in America.

Holidays

Feb 14: Valentine's Day - Over 190 million Valentine's Day cards are sent in the U.S. each year! Make one of your own with the designs suggested in this post.

Fifteen Day Celebration: Chinese New Year - Celebrate the Chinese New Year with fun, cultural activities: Tangrams, Zodiac symbols, crafts, coloring pages and more. 


Seasonal Foods & Food Related Days

Feb 3: Bubble Gum Day - Learn about the history of bubble gum and do some experiments.

Feb 8: Bake Pizza Week Begins also Hershey Chocolate Founded 1894
Feb 9 Happy Chocolate Day & Pizza Pie Day
Chocolate Activities - Learn about the history of chocolate, make an old fashioned chocolate egg cream, print chocolate puzzles and get links to other resources.
Pizza Project - 
Pizza history, recipes, games, and activities.


Feb 17: World Cabbage Day
Cabbage - Cabbage experiment suggestions, a recipe for homemade coleslaw, and links to cabbage information.

Feb. 22 Cook a Sweet Potato Day
Sweet Potato Resources - Sweet potato resources include: Nutrition facts, educational info and recipes.

Feb 27: Strawberry Day
Strawberry Craze - This strawberry research project includes links to other strawberries posts on Fran's World, and to informative sites.

Bean Resource Page - Nutritional information, types of beans, experiments and more.

Oranges - General and nutritional information, diseases, educational resources, ideas for orange peels and videos.


More Days To Celebrate

Feb 3: Feed the Birds Day
Bird Watching Activities Bird watching activities, bird treat ideas, and links to bird-related activities and information.

Feb 14: Library Lover's Day
7 Ways Your Library Saves You Money - Tips for using your library to save money.

Feb 20: Love Your Pet Day
Homemade Treats & Toys for Pets - Treat and toy ideas for dogs, cats, hamsters, gerbils and rabbits.


If you're interested in more holidays, birthdays, events, fun food days and other unique days, please check out the long list of February Special Days on Still Learning Something New.


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Heart Activities

Make an origami heart:


A variety of origami hearts can be found here including 3-D hearts and flat hearts.

WikiHow has illustrated video instructions on how to make a flat origami heart.

Learn how to make an origami heart with this YouTube video or a heart shaped box with this one.

Tip: Some of the flat origami hearts will allow you to slip a little message inside.

Heart related activities:

Enchanted Learning has a bunch of Valentine's Day activities with hearts here. You will find: Cards, wreaths, mobiles, chains and more.

What kind of animals can be made with hearts? Check out on DLTK's Heart Animal Paper Craft where you will find ways to make: Dogs, elephants, cats, fish, frogs and more from hearts. This site has printable templates.

Heart related activities can be found here on Fran's World of Discovery such as: Pin prick cards, cut out hearts, decorated hearts and more.

Learn how to make a heart with a twist balloon! The YouTube video provided will show you how.

Related activities on Fran's World:

Chocolate Activities - Learn the history of chocolate and make some yummy things with chocolate.
Valentine's Day - Learn the history of Valentines Day and make some fun crafts that relate to the holiday.


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Informal Math Alternatives

Math doesn't have to be boring, and as
home-based educators we are very fortunate because we can choose to use alternative, hands-on activities to help our kids gain a greater understanding of how math works in the real world.
We also have the awesome opportunity to show them how cool, useful, interesting, and fun math can be!
If you're interested in using a real-life math approach, but you are not sure where to begin, I offer the following sparks (activities) and a few of their benefits:


Counting & Time

Make Your Own: Candy Countdown Calendar - After designing and making your calendar, count down the days to the holiday you made it for.


Symbols, Shapes, Letters, & Numbers Game - This game helps people to learn symbols, shapes, letters, and numbers in a less stressful way, and offers them a reason to write/draw them. It also offers players a chance to be as creative as they want to be. If the player creates a scene, or a picture, then creative thinking skills is an added benefit.


An Eggcellent Game - This timing game encourages players to compare their progress each time they play the game.

Roll-n-Score - Make and decorate your own game and keep track of your score on a piece of paper.

8 Ideas for Homemade Water & Nerf Gun Targets - Use recycled items in a creative way to make targets to encourage scoring.

Bottle Roll Bullseye - A simple game that encourages score keeping.

Building/Constructing (Engineering)

Inspiring People: Cardstacker - Turn a simple deck or two of playing cards into an amazing structure. This activity is a natural form of engineering and requires creative and critical thinking skills.  

Stacking Cup Challenge - How quickly can you stack a bunch of cups and take them down? This activity is also a natural form of engineering and requires players to think and act quickly.


Codes

Code Breaker (scroll down to Play Games) - Turn simple to make stamps into a code breaking guessing game that gets players thinking. 

Rainbow Codes - This activity brings science, language, and math skills together in one activity. Players think of what they want to say, write it down in a certain way, and offer it to someone to solve.


Cooking/Recipes/Measurements

Make Your Own: Cocoa Bubble Bath/Body wash - Purchase and measure to make your own, personalized bubbles or body wash. 

Make Your Own Scented Play Clay - Measure the ingredients to make your own clay, then create whatever you like with it.

Marshmallows - Purchase and measure to make these tasty treats.

Spark of the Day: Pom - Pom Shooter - After making a simple pom-pom shooter, measure how far can a pom-pom go! 


Crafts

Carton Creations - Most creative projects use math to help figure out what the final outcome with will look like. This is an open-ended activity and can be turned into a game, toy, or a useful item.

Glowing Halloween LanternHarvest Thanksgiving LanternGlowing Lantern- Turn an ordinary carton into a holiday lantern. Math is needed to figure out how to cut and place the windows in this project.

Make Your Own Gift Wrap - Use recycled and simple items to decorate your own gift wrap and boxes. Some of these activities include folding projects.

Fall Cut-Outs - This creative craft project can be used for any season.

4th-of July America's Independence Day - This post includes some activities that are mathematical in nature.


Origami/Paper Folding (Geometry)


Paper Planes - Learn how to fold simple and intricate paper planes and measure how far they can go.

Make Folded Hand Puppet - Fold paper in a variety of ways and create a one of a kind puppet. 


Halloween Origami - Have fun folding Halloween icons.


3-D Ornaments - Turn a variety of 3-D shapes into festive ornaments or something else.


Holiday & Winter Origami  - Fold up a variety of winter and holiday icons.


Geometry/Shapes/Games/Puzzles

Valentine's Day: Make Homemade Valentines (scroll down to activity) - Turn a simple heart into a mathematical art project.


Pumpkin Face Game (scroll down to activity) - Use a variety of geometric shapes to make a one of a kind pumpkin.

Spark of the Day: Symbols of Fall Twist Balloons - Use simple twist balloons to make unique mathematical shapes.

Make Your Own GravestonesRounded Gravestone - The rectangular stone is a fun and creative project, the rounded one is more mathematically involved.

Pop & Play Dart Game - Make your own dart game with a twist.

Tangrams - Various geometrical shapes form a variety of interesting shapes.

The Circle - The circle is a fascinating and versatile shape. The activity in this post encourages fraction use.

Polyhedrons - This post offers a variety of projects that can be explored.

Christmas: Make a Christmas Shape ElfMake a Heart-faced Santa - Use your imagination and creativity to turn simple shapes into interesting holiday icons.

10 Fun Projects You Can Do With Symmetry - This post gets your creative juices flowing with geometry.

Spirals - Find spirals in nature and make your own spiral art projects.

Geometric Designs - Explore a variety of geometric designs. Make your own coloring/art projects.

Fractals - Look for fractals in nature and make some of your own.

Star Shape - Turn an ordinary circle into a star, learn about different types of stars and make a variety of stars.

Heart Activities - Origami and craft projects with a heart theme.

Magic Square Puzzles - Resources for Magic square puzzles include: Printable and online puzzles, and information about how to solve them.

World Math

Spark of the Day: Roman Numerals - Learn Roman numerals, add, subtract, divide and multiply with them.

Logic/Thinking Activities/Games/Observation

Make Your Own: Tic-Tac-Toe Game Board - Tic-Tac-Toe offers players a logical challenge. This activities challenges player to make their own unique game board and playing pieces.

More benefits to come...

Solitaire Challenge #1: Peg Solitaire - 

Make Your Own: 'What's Missing' Picture - 

Last One Standing

Stacking Cup Challenge


Card Flipping Challenge


Petals Around The Rose


Bottle Cap Memory

Probability


Science Math

Archery

Mini Marble Run

Cook Your Lunch Outside


Snowflake Activities & Resources

Snowflake Math


Language & Math

Create Comic

Follow Me

Symbols, Shapes, Letters, & Numbers Game

Hangman/House



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Sea Turtles

Sea Turtles
Defenders: Sea Turtles - Basic facts about sea turtles: Diet, population, range, behavior, reproduction, etc.

SeeTurtles: Sea Turtle Facts - Habitat & Diet, Human Threats, Life Cycle, Species

World Wildlife Federation: Sea Turtle - General information.

Sea Turtle Conservancy - Information about sea turtles, their habitats and threats to their survival.


SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment - Habitat & Distribution: Distribution, habitat, migration, population, etc.

National Geographic Kids - Green Sea Turtle - General information.

Wikipedia: Sea Turtles - Description, taxonomy and evolution, distribution and habitat, life cycle and more.
Activities




Videos



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Ways To Repel and Control Whiteflies, Naturally

Signs of Whitefly
Whiteflies can be really hard to get rid of once you get them, especially if you live in warmer climates! Personally, I do not like to use any kind of chemicals in my garden, so finding natural solutions to common pest problems like the whitefly is really important to me.

How to repel and control whiteflies - Naturally 

Here are some of the solutions I've been using and finding effective to keep whiteflies mostly under control.

  • Spray leaves with water to remove any whiteflies currently on the plant, then spray the top and bottom of all the leaves with a natural insecticidal soap. Commercial or homemade. 

  • Pick off any leaves that have the swirling signs of whitefly larvae. Crush and mash them up before discarding. If you put the infected leaves straight into the compost bin as they are, they will hatch and cause a bigger problem! (Guess how I know that!)

*If you choose to put infected leaves in the compost bin as they are, break them down with a shovel, then cover them completely with compost dirt and don't disturb them for a few days!

Once the infected leaves have been removed, spray both sides of the plant's leaves with a homemade solution of insecticidal soap and neem oil. There are natural commercial brands available as well, but I find having the ability to make my own much more convenient and cost effective.

For my homemade solution, I put 1 tsp of neem oil into a spray bottle, add warm water, then 1T of a liquid dish soap with lemon, and shake well before spraying the leaves. 

Plant flowers and herbs that repel or deter whitefly.

Another solution that I've been trying, and have found successful, is to plant flowers and herbs around the garden that deter or repel whitefly. Here are some of the flowers and herbs that keep whitefly away:

Flowers: Artemisias, Marigolds (French & Mexican), Nasturtiums
Herbs: Basil, Peppermint, Thyme

Here are a couple of sites with some other strategies for repelling and controlling whiteflies:




Choosing to garden by using a chemical free approach is time consuming, but totally worth it in my opinion.


If you know of some other ways to repel/control/prevent whiteflies naturally, please feel free to leave me a comment about it!


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Peas

Peas are a cool-season crop that come in three varieties: A garden pea with an inedible skin, and snow and snap peas, both with an full-sized peas and an edible pod.

How to grow: Instructions for zone 9, more information can be found for other regions (3-11) in the "more info" section below.

Growing Information

Planting time: Cool-weather

Sow:
Direct Sow Outdoors: September- Feb/March in other areas 4-6 weeks before last frost date.

Germination Time: 7-14 days depending on variety and soil conditions.

Grow Height:
Garden: 28-32"
Snap Peas: 48-72"
Snow Peas: 36+"
Spacing: Plant: 2" Thin to 4-6" apart, Rows: 18-24"
Tip: Use a trellis, netting, wire, string, pole, or tomato cage to support plant as it grows.

Spread: 6-8"

Soil: Loamy. Compost and manure can be added to the soil.  PH: Neutral
Fertilizer: Peas do not need a lot of fertilizer, but like phosphorus and potassium.
Tip: Before planting, add wood ash, and a little bonemeal to the soil.

Sun: Full Sun, Part Sun

Hardiness: Can handle moderate freezes. Light damage can encourage secondary shoots.

Harvest: Eat within 5 days of picking.
Garden: 60-65 Days
Snap Peas: 70 Days
Snow Peas: 58 Days

Fruit Size: 3"

Companion Plants: Beans, carrots, celery, corn, cucumbers, eggplant, lettuce, melons, parsnips, peppers, potatoes, radishes, spinach, tomatoes, turnip, marjoram, sage
Avoid: Onion, garlic, leeks, shallots, chives

Pests/Problems: Aphids, Mexican bean beetles, woodchucks, fusarium wilt, powdery mildew can strike in warm weather. Pea enation mosaic virus, pea leaf roll virus, root rot
Solutions: Plant disease-resistant pea varieties. Practice crop rotation to prevent root rot. Nasturtiums can help repel aphids, Mexican bean beetles and whiteflies. Control fusarium wilt disease. Deter woodchucks with pepper spray, talcum powder, or dog urine. Powdery mildew can be treated with a neem oil solution, or a sprayed with a solution of 1T baking soda, 1 gallon of water, and 1/2 tsp of liquid soap.

Water: Water deeply once a week and never allow soil to dry out totally, as this will reduce pea production. In hot weather, water daily if needed. Never water log plants. Don't allow soil to dry out when peas are germinating, blooming or when pods are swelling.
Plants need 1/2" of water weekly until they bloom, then 1" a week until pods fill out.

Propagation: Pick mature peas, remove the seeds and allow them to dry out.

Nutrition Facts: 1 Cup Serving: 118 calories, .6g fat, 21g Carbs, 8g Protein, A good source of: Vitamins A, K, C, & B vitamins, Iron, Potassium, Magnesium, copper, phosphorus, folate, and dietary fiber

Health Benefits: Peas are low in fat and contain nutrients that may prevent: stomach cancer, wrinkles, aging, heart disease, osteoporosis, and other diseases. They can also help regulate blood sugar and reduce bad cholesterol.

How to grow, prepare, & eat:

Videos



More Information:

http://www.ufseeds.com/Zone-9-Planting-Calendar.html

http://www.almanac.com/plant/peas

http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=55

http://www.gardening.cornell.edu/homegardening/scene9697.html

https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/vegetables/peas/how-grow-snow-peas.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pea

http://www.nutrition-and-you.com/green-peas.html

http://www.livestrong.com/article/407534-what-are-the-benefits-of-eating-peas/

http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/benefits-eating-peas-5767.html
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Artichokes

Artichoke
Artichokes are a species of thistle whose edible portion is the flower bud, before
the flowers come into bloom.

How to grow: The instructions below are for zone 9, more information can be found for other regions in the "more info" section below. Look for the Bonnie plants link.



Growing Information

Planting time: Spring/Fall

Sow:
Indoors: 6 weeks before last frost date, late November - early January
Direct sow: Mid-Feb - March
Transplant: Late Feb - late March (after frost)

Germination Time: 10-20 days

Grow Height: 3-4' tall and 4' wide.

Spacing: 3' - 5' apart. Plant can grow for up to 5 years where they are planted.

Soil: Fertile, well draining soil - sandy or loamy. 5" of compost into a trench 8" deep and equally wide.

Sun: Full to partial shade.

Fertilizer: Apply a liquid high-potassium fertilizer (potash) every 2 weeks during periods of active growth. When buds begin to form, apply a 4" thick layer of compost around each plant, outward 12".

Harvest: 85-100 days.

Companion Plants: Cucumber, sunflower, corn, peas, tarragon, and members of the cabbage family.

Avoid: Potatoes

Pests/Problems: Slugs, aphids, and botrytis blight
Solutions: Cut off leaves infected with botrytis blight and destroy them. Treat the plant with neem oil (fungicide).
Treat aphids with insecticidal soap.
Use slug traps or baits.

Water: Water about once a week. If soil is heavy and holds moisture, water less often. Hot regions, water more often. Plants won't survive over watering, and too little will result in loose buds with poor taste. Avoid summer droughts and winter waterlog.

Zones 8 and warmer: After fall harvest, cut plants down to the ground level and mulch with 3-4" of organic material (dry grass clippings, straw, leaves, ages manure, etc.).


Propagation: Allow plant to bloom and shrivel to brown. Cut dried flower, place it a paper bag indoors for 2 wks, shatter it and gather the seeds. Seed can remain viable for up to 6 years.

Nutrition Facts: 1 Medium Artichoke

60 calories, 13 carbs, .2g fat, 4.2g protein
Vit C 25%, Vit B6 5%, Calcium 5%, Iron 8%, Magnesium 19%

Health Benefits: Artichokes are a good source of antioxidants, fiber, vitamin K, folic acid, manganese, and potassium. They can help with digestive issues, lower cholesterol levels, protect the liver, and may help prevent cancer.

Videos: How to grow, prepare, & eat: