Sea Turtles

Sea Turtles
Defenders: Sea Turtles - Basic facts about sea turtles: Diet, population, range, behavior, reproduction, etc.

SeeTurtles: Sea Turtle Facts - Habitat & Diet, Human Threats, Life Cycle, Species

World Wildlife Federation: Sea Turtle - General information.

Sea Turtle Conservancy - Information about sea turtles, their habitats and threats to their survival.


SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment - Habitat & Distribution: Distribution, habitat, migration, population, etc.

National Geographic Kids - Green Sea Turtle - General information.

Wikipedia: Sea Turtles - Description, taxonomy and evolution, distribution and habitat, life cycle and more.
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Ways To Repel and Control Whiteflies, Naturally

Signs of Whitefly
Whiteflies can be really hard to get rid of once you get them, especially if you live in warmer climates! Personally, I do not like to use any kind of chemicals in my garden, so finding natural solutions to common pest problems like the whitefly is really important to me.

How to repel and control whiteflies - Naturally 

Here are some of the solutions I've been using and finding effective to keep whiteflies mostly under control.

  • Spray leaves with water to remove any whiteflies currently on the plant, then spray the top and bottom of all the leaves with a natural insecticidal soap. Commercial or homemade. 

  • Pick off any leaves that have the swirling signs of whitefly larvae. Crush and mash them up before discarding. If you put the infected leaves straight into the compost bin as they are, they will hatch and cause a bigger problem! (Guess how I know that!)

*If you choose to put infected leaves in the compost bin as they are, break them down with a shovel, then cover them completely with compost dirt and don't disturb them for a few days!

Once the infected leaves have been removed, spray both sides of the plant's leaves with a homemade solution of insecticidal soap and neem oil. There are natural commercial brands available as well, but I find having the ability to make my own much more convenient and cost effective.

For my homemade solution, I put 1 tsp of neem oil into a spray bottle, add warm water, then 1T of a liquid dish soap with lemon, and shake well before spraying the leaves. 

Plant flowers and herbs that repel or deter whitefly.

Another solution that I've been trying, and have found successful, is to plant flowers and herbs around the garden that deter or repel whitefly. Here are some of the flowers and herbs that keep whitefly away:

Flowers: Artemisias, Marigolds (French & Mexican), Nasturtiums
Herbs: Basil, Peppermint, Thyme

Here are a couple of sites with some other strategies for repelling and controlling whiteflies:




Choosing to garden by using a chemical free approach is time consuming, but totally worth it in my opinion.


If you know of some other ways to repel/control/prevent whiteflies naturally, please feel free to leave me a comment about it!


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Peas

Peas are a cool-season crop that come in three varieties: A garden pea with an inedible skin, and snow and snap peas, both with an full-sized peas and an edible pod.

How to grow: Instructions for zone 9, more information can be found for other regions (3-11) in the "more info" section below.

Growing Information

Planting time: Cool-weather

Sow:
Direct Sow Outdoors: September- Feb/March in other areas 4-6 weeks before last frost date.

Germination Time: 7-14 days depending on variety and soil conditions.

Grow Height:
Garden: 28-32"
Snap Peas: 48-72"
Snow Peas: 36+"
Spacing: Plant: 2" Thin to 4-6" apart, Rows: 18-24"
Tip: Use a trellis, netting, wire, string, pole, or tomato cage to support plant as it grows.

Spread: 6-8"

Soil: Loamy. Compost and manure can be added to the soil.  PH: Neutral
Fertilizer: Peas do not need a lot of fertilizer, but like phosphorus and potassium.
Tip: Before planting, add wood ash, and a little bonemeal to the soil.

Sun: Full Sun, Part Sun

Hardiness: Can handle moderate freezes. Light damage can encourage secondary shoots.

Harvest: Eat within 5 days of picking.
Garden: 60-65 Days
Snap Peas: 70 Days
Snow Peas: 58 Days

Fruit Size: 3"

Companion Plants: Beans, carrots, celery, corn, cucumbers, eggplant, lettuce, melons, parsnips, peppers, potatoes, radishes, spinach, tomatoes, turnip, marjoram, sage
Avoid: Onion, garlic, leeks, shallots, chives

Pests/Problems: Aphids, Mexican bean beetles, woodchucks, fusarium wilt, powdery mildew can strike in warm weather. Pea enation mosaic virus, pea leaf roll virus, root rot
Solutions: Plant disease-resistant pea varieties. Practice crop rotation to prevent root rot. Nasturtiums can help repel aphids, Mexican bean beetles and whiteflies. Control fusarium wilt disease. Deter woodchucks with pepper spray, talcum powder, or dog urine. Powdery mildew can be treated with a neem oil solution, or a sprayed with a solution of 1T baking soda, 1 gallon of water, and 1/2 tsp of liquid soap.

Water: Water deeply once a week and never allow soil to dry out totally, as this will reduce pea production. In hot weather, water daily if needed. Never water log plants. Don't allow soil to dry out when peas are germinating, blooming or when pods are swelling.
Plants need 1/2" of water weekly until they bloom, then 1" a week until pods fill out.

Propagation: Pick mature peas, remove the seeds and allow them to dry out.

Nutrition Facts: 1 Cup Serving: 118 calories, .6g fat, 21g Carbs, 8g Protein, A good source of: Vitamins A, K, C, & B vitamins, Iron, Potassium, Magnesium, copper, phosphorus, folate, and dietary fiber

Health Benefits: Peas are low in fat and contain nutrients that may prevent: stomach cancer, wrinkles, aging, heart disease, osteoporosis, and other diseases. They can also help regulate blood sugar and reduce bad cholesterol.

How to grow, prepare, & eat:

Videos



More Information:

http://www.ufseeds.com/Zone-9-Planting-Calendar.html

http://www.almanac.com/plant/peas

http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=55

http://www.gardening.cornell.edu/homegardening/scene9697.html

https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/vegetables/peas/how-grow-snow-peas.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pea

http://www.nutrition-and-you.com/green-peas.html

http://www.livestrong.com/article/407534-what-are-the-benefits-of-eating-peas/

http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/benefits-eating-peas-5767.html
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Artichokes

Artichoke
Artichokes are a species of thistle whose edible portion is the flower bud, before
the flowers come into bloom.

How to grow: The instructions below are for zone 9, more information can be found for other regions in the "more info" section below. Look for the Bonnie plants link.


Growing Information

Planting time: Spring/Fall

Sow:
Indoors: 6 weeks before last frost date, late November - early January
Direct sow: Mid-Feb - March
Transplant: Late Feb - late March (after frost)

Germination Time: 10-20 days

Grow Height: 3-4' tall and 4' wide.

Spacing: 3' - 5' apart. Plant can grow for up to 5 years where they are planted.

Soil: Fertile, well draining soil - sandy or loamy. 5" of compost into a trench 8" deep and equally wide.

Sun: Full to partial shade.

Fertilizer: Apply a liquid high-potassium fertilizer (potash) every 2 weeks during periods of active growth. When buds begin to form, apply a 4" thick layer of compost around each plant, outward 12".

Harvest: 85-100 days.

Companion Plants: Cucumber, sunflower, corn, peas, tarragon, and members of the cabbage family.

Avoid: Potatoes

Pests/Problems: Slugs, aphids, and botrytis blight
Solutions: Cut off leaves infected with botrytis blight and destroy them. Treat the plant with neem oil (fungicide).
Treat aphids with insecticidal soap.
Use slug traps or baits.

Water: Water about once a week. If soil is heavy and holds moisture, water less often. Hot regions, water more often. Plants won't survive over watering, and too little will result in loose buds with poor taste. Avoid summer droughts and winter waterlog.

Zones 8 and warmer: After fall harvest, cut plants down to the ground level and mulch with 3-4" of organic material (dry grass clippings, straw, leaves, ages manure, etc.).


Propagation: Allow plant to bloom and shrivel to brown. Cut dried flower, place it a paper bag indoors for 2 wks, shatter it and gather the seeds. Seed can remain viable for up to 6 years.

Nutrition Facts: 1 Medium Artichoke

60 calories, 13 carbs, .2g fat, 4.2g protein
Vit C 25%, Vit B6 5%, Calcium 5%, Iron 8%, Magnesium 19%

Health Benefits: Artichokes are a good source of antioxidants, fiber, vitamin K, folic acid, manganese, and potassium. They can help with digestive issues, lower cholesterol levels, protect the liver, and may help prevent cancer.

Videos: How to grow, prepare, & eat:

Deer

White-Tailed Deer
National Geographic: White-Tailed Deer - Information about white-tailed deer, breeding, diet, behavior, an audio file, and fast facts. Page also offers a picture gallery to scroll through.

Wikipedia: Deer - Information About Deer: Classification, where they can be found around the world, anatomy, diet, reproduction, evolution, species, photos and more.

LiveScience: Facts About Deer - Size, antlers, habitat, habits, diet, offspring, classification and more.

Easy Science for Kids: Wild Deer - Fun facts about deer for kids, vocabulary and videos.


DeerWorlds: Deer Facts - Deer information, types of deer, and deer
conservation.


Activity Pages

Super Coloring: Deer Coloring Pages

Coloring.WS: Deer Coloring Pages

Activity Village: Deer - Deer puzzles, printable poem, booklet, colouring pages, deer grid, jigsaw, poster, story paper and more.

Cybersleuth Kids: Deer Wordsearch

Videos


Learn more about other animals!


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A World To Discover: December Volume 2


Deer - Resources include: Sites and videos about deer, and how to draw them. Deer activity pages too.

'Twas The Night Before Christmas - Resources include: Links to the poem, information about it, and activities that related to this classic poem.


Pine Trees - Things you can do with pine cones, needles, bark, and resin. Videos and links.


Christmas Stockings - Resources Include: Links to explain the legend of the Christmas stocking and videos about the history of the Christmas stocking.


Candy CanesResources include: Links to candy cane history and legend. Videos include the history of candy canes, how they are made and how to make them yourself.


Holiday Songs Traditional Christmas Songs Playlist 2016 & 
Ultimate Christmas Songs Playlist - YouTube playlists of popular Christmas songs. (Off site)


Days and Events


Christmas

More fun activities can be found in the December Activities post!


Seasonal Foods

Oranges: General and nutritional information, diseases, educational resources, ideas for orange peels and videos.


Pumpkin - Information about pumpkins and squash, recipe instructions for "Original Pumpkin Pie" aka pumpkin pie cooked right in its own pie shell with a modern twist.


Beans - Bean soup recipe, bean science projects, links to other bean resources.


Cabbage - Cabbage experiment suggestions, recipe for homemade coleslaw, links to cabbage information.

Apple Research Project - Facts, leading questions, Information, videos, recipes, and links to other resources.

Apple Research Resource - Apple resources including links to lesson plans, history, nutritional info, health info, activities, science experiments, and recipes.

Sweet Potato Resources - Nutrition facts, educational info, and recipes.

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Christmas Stockings

Smithsonian: The Legend of the Christmas Stocking - The history behind the tradition of hanging stockings.

Wikipedia: Christmas Stockings - The history of stockings and information about the world's biggest Christmas stocking.


Altogether Christmas: Christmas Stockings - An article about the legends behind Christmas stockings.

First Palette: Paper Christmas Stocking - Instructions for craft.

DLTK: Christmas Lacing Crafts - Instructions for craft.

Activity Village: Christmas Stocking Theme - Printable stocking templates, games, colouring pages, crafts, and more.


Videos



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History of the Candy Cane

Why Christmas: Christmas Candy Canes - Brief information about candy canes.

Spangler: Candy Cane History and Legends - Historical and religious information about candy canes.

WikipediaCandy Cane - Origins of the candy cane/peppermint stick and the production of this holiday treat.


Today I Found Out: The Origins of the Candy Cane - An article about the history of the candy cane.

Activity Village: Candy Cane Theme - Printable pages, craft ideas and coloring pages.

Videos



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Clipart from Clker.com

'Twas The Night Before Christmas

Poetry Foundation: A Visit from St. Nicholas
Poem by Clement Clark Moore

Wikipedia: A Visit from St. Nicholas
Information includes: The poem, plot, the history of the author and more.

Activity Village: 'Twas The Night Before Christmas - Printable poem. 

DLTK: 'Twas The Night Before Christmas - Printable mini book.

Messy Little Monster: Twas The Night Before Christmas Footprint Craft - Use your child's footprint for this activity.


Videos


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A World To Discover November Volume 2

Unless otherwise noted, each link will take you to a post on Fran's World of Discovery.

Sherlock Holmes Resource Page - Resources include: Information about Sherlock Holmes, Sir Conan Doyle, and videos about Sherlock Holmes and movies.

Tim's Printable Pages: Triangles - Printable pages that include triangles. (Off site)

Shadow Puppets - How to make shadow puppets with your hands or from paper. Also, make your own shadow puppet theatre. Video tutorials and examples.

Archery - Information about archery, including: The history of archery, tricks, and how to make your own equipment.

Polyhedrons - Resources include: What is a polyhedron, projects, printable activities, and videos.

Wild Turkeys -Information about wild turkeys, turkey craft project, writing activity and research question.

Cornucopia - Information about the cornucopia, and coloring and activity pages.


Days & Events

November 1 - Vinegar Day - 5 Fun Vinegar Experiments

Election Day - The 1st Tuesday in November after the first Monday of the month.


November 15 - Steve Irwin Day (off site)

November 21 - Gingerbread Cookie Day (off site)

Thanksgiving - The 4th Thursday of the month.

November 27 - Native American Heritage Day (The day after Thanksgiving.)


Seasonal Foods

Sweet Potato Resources - Nutrition facts, educational info, and recipes.


Corn - Corn Delicious corn bread recipe, how to make homemade butter, corn activity and links to other corn resources.

Popcorn Project - Resources and activities that include popped and unpopped corn kernels.


Pumpkin - Information about pumpkins and squash, recipe instructions for "Original Pumpkin Pie" aka pumpkin pie cooked right in its own pie shell with a modern twist.


Beans - Bean soup recipe, bean science projects, links to other bean resources.


Cabbage - Cabbage experiment suggestions, recipe for homemade coleslaw, links to cabbage information.

Apple Research Project - Facts, leading questions, Information, videos, recipes, and links to other resources.

Apple Research Resource - Apple resources including links to lesson plans, history, nutritional info, health info, activities, science experiments, and recipes.


Connect with Fran's World of Discovery!

If you find a broken link please let me know by leaving a comment!

Note: Has this or another activity on Fran's World of Discovery inspired you or someone else in a positive way? Have you featured this activity in a blog post? I invite you to comment and link back to where your post can be found, or tell me what you or your family enjoyed about the post! Thank you!